B 44 The murder of Julius Caesar in 44 BC Chr. Marked the beginning of an almost two decades long power struggle, which led to the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
According to historical records, this time was accompanied by strange glasses in the sky, unusually cold weather and a widespread famine. And a new study suggests that volcanoes in Alaska could be the cause.
The article was published in the minutes of the National Academy of Sciences on Monday.
An international team of scientists and historians has volcanic ash, the 43 BC. Chr. Found on the Arctic ice course has been linked to the eruption of the Okmok volcano in Alaska. Used tefra) analysis.
With the advent of the Roman Empire, the Ptolemaic Empire, the last of the Pharaohs, ended.
He and Swiss researcher Michael Siegel began investigating the case when they found an unusually safe layer of ash in an ice cover sample last year.
New measurements were then made on ice rinks from Greenland and Russia, some of which were excavated and kept in archives in the 1990s.
They managed to split up into two separate events: a powerful but local and short-lived event in the early 45 BC. BC, followed by a much larger, more extensive event 43 BC BC, which lasted two years. Took long.
A biochemical analysis was carried out on ash samples found in the ice from the second eruption, and it exactly matched the incident in Okamuk.
The team collected additional evidence from around the world, from tree-based climate records in Scandinavia to cave formation in northeast China.
The numbers were fed into climate samples that said the two years after the eruption were the coldest in the northern hemisphere in 2,500 years.
The average summer temperature after the outbreak can be as high as seven degrees Celsius, and autumn rainfall in southern Europe typically reaches 400 percent.
Yale University historian Joe Manning added that he had also managed to reduce the flooding in the plains and the resulting diseases and famines.
The explosion could also explain unusual environmental phenomena recorded on the record, such as sunbathing halls, the darkness of the sun in the sky, or the appearance of three suns in the sky – an event known as the sun dog.
However, the authors add that many of these observations were made prior to the Alaskan eruption, and possibly with the eruption of such a small mountain in 44 BC. BC related.
McConnell said that many factors have contributed to the collapse of the Roman Republic and the Tolek state, but the Okmuk division has played a significant role in helping to close the intellectual void that has confused historians. Was